Headline Feb 16, 2015/ ''' BATTERIES ''' : *THE $100 BILLION PLUS MARKET* '''

''' BATTERIES ''' : 


WHERE ARE THESE SCIENTISTS? and where are those  ''other scientists'' that everyone keeps talking about,  and where are the students on this?

Nowhere and Never, never ever, did I locate, in the Developing World : A ''Scientific Hub''  : a point where all the Scientists, Students, Professors and Teachers, could all come together and solve scientific challenges.

Great minds wasted, great opportunities lost. Great things never considered and great things never accomplished.

For Pakistan, will the O'' Captain Imran Khan consider setting up a Scientific Hub? And then who are the nominees for the other countries? Let me know and I will contact them!

!WOW!   -the World Students Society is the only ***Global Hub***  for the entire world. See the value, spread the world and join up, to attempt solving some very hard problems!   

In the wake of the financial crisis, the world woke up to many realities and facts:

Stephen LeVine, the Washington correspondent, for Quartz  - a news  site covering the global economy-  became interested in batteries. Why?

Why? Because LeVine sensed a loss of confidence in the U.S. In United States's ability to create a real economy  -one based not on financial instruments or a real estate boom-

***But real products that would help create entire new industries***.

The battery could be such a product. Not just any battery, of course, but a battery designed for electric cars and capable of powering them for 200 miles or even 300 miles per charge.

A battery that could compete with   -and eventually replace   -the internal combustion engine and transform the electric car from a niche product to a mass-market automobile.

Such a battery does  not yet exist.

But if such a thing could be invented, it might well develop into a $100 billion-plus market in its first five or six years of existence, according to LeVine.

A battery like that could vastly improve energy security. And with so much less exhaust spewed into the air, the effect on climate change could be lowered.

The United States is trying to develop such a batter, and as and so are many other countries.

That interest led LeVine to the Argonne National Laboratory, one of the Department of Energy's 17 national labs.

For the better part of two years he was given access to its Battery Department, emerging with a captivating book entitled:
''The Powerhouse : Inside the Invention of a Battery to Save the World.''

With the closure or winnowing of many of corporate America's industrial labs  -nit least the famed  Bell Labs,  which is a shadow of its once-mighty self  -industry now relies heavily on the federal government's national labs for basic scientific research.

Thus it was that scientists at Argonne, which is in the Chicago suburbs, discovered a battery chemistry that greatly improved electric car performance, called NMC   -(for Nickle-manganese-cobalt).

The Chevrolet Volt uses version of NMC, as will, reportedly, the next generation of Nissan Leafs.

Which also suggests its drawbacks :
the Volt only gets about  40 miles  on pure battery power alone before it switches to its gasoline-powered engine.

The core of LeVine's book is about the effort to take the next big step:
create a battery that can achieve  five times  that mileage, while still remaining stable-

Stability is always a big issue with batteries  -and affordable.

The scientists at Argonne   -some of them larger-than-life figures in the battery world  -labelled this effort NMC 2.0

Though the writing can get technical at times, LeVine still tells a rollicking good tale.

The scientists make a number of painstaking advances, inching the chemistry forward, only to discover problems. One such problem is called:
''voltage fade''  :

An instability that is serious enough to make the battery unusable in an electric vehicle.

The Honour and Serving of the  ''operational research'' continues. Thank you for reading and see Ya all on the following one.

With respectful dedication to all the Scientists in the world. See Ya all on !WOW! -the World Students Society Computers-Internet-Wireless:

'' Hub For Progress ''

'''Good Night and God Bless

SAM Daily Times - the Voice of the Voiceless


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