Headline, February18, 2014



THE FIRST YEAR OF school in America, known as kindergarten, usually begins between the ages of five and six.

Among rich countries such a late start is something of an anomaly. President Barack Obama believes it is an economic and social problem; his education secretary goes so far as to say that it is ''morally indefensible''.

This statement has some support, as it is clear from research into vocabulary that youngsters from poor families enter kindergarten well behind their peers  - a terrible disadvantage that usually lasts a lifetime.

Children from households on welfare knew  525  words by the age of three, while the offspring of professionals had mastered  1,116.

Pre-school   -nursery, in British parlance-   can help close this gap. So in President Obama's  state-of-the-union message of 2013,  he called for a partnership between the federal government and the states to expand it to every American child.

It later transpired that  ''every''  meant those who from families with incomes of up to  200%   above the poverty line   -equivalent to an income of $47,000 for a family of four.

Some critics say that sending children to school at the age of four does not work. The evidence suggests otherwise. For example, on March last year, new results were announced from a study of nine-to-11 year-olds in New Jersey.

This report found that disadvantaged children who had attended pre-school had better literacy, language, maths and science skills. And two years of pre-kindergarten were better than one.

Some studies also track the effects of early learning over lifetime, such as its effect on  crime rates   and other factors that may eventually burden society.

Critics have latched onto a government scheme called Head Start, created in 1965, which provides poor households with a range of services including school-based early education.

The quality of Head Start's school provision is high variable, a factor that is rarely taken into account:

But to add one scenic flavour,  let me quote  one snippet  for you all:

''What part of the book is this?" asks the teacher, pointing to the binding. Twenty children of three and four answer:
'''The Spine!"'

The instructor than asks, "Where is your spine?" and all the little angels point to the right place.

They arrived at eight this morning at Harlem Children's Zone, in New York, and were given breakfast.

Later they will have lunch and take a nap. Although there is plenty of time to play, they spend much of their day learning letters, numbers, vocabulary and even manners.

Marilyn Joseph, who heads the early-learning programme, says, they want to make   poor children  as ready for school  as those from  better off  families.

The honour and the post continues:

With a  heavy heart, and a most caring and respectful dedication to a Pakistani student, Shazaib Bajwa in US. 

!WOW!  -the World Students Society Computers-Internet-Wireless prays  to Almighty God for his recovery and an amicable, and a dignified outcome of his heartbreaking circumstances.

Good Night & God Bless!

SAM Daily Times - the Voice of the Voiceless


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